Nowadays, people are familiar with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, which have become a major threat to human life safety in society. Especially in the autumn and winter seasons, the cold can increase the concentration of blood fibrin, cause blood viscosity, and lead to thrombosis. Cold can also cause coronary artery spasm, directly affecting the blood supply to the heart, inducing angina or occasional myocardial infarction.
At the same time, the temperature difference between day and night in autumn and winter varies greatly, making it easy to catch a cold and secondary respiratory system infections, thereby inducing and exacerbating cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The probability of sudden onset of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases is relatively high. We are familiar with coronary heart disease (unstable angina, myocardial infarction, etc.), hypertension, stroke (cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage, etc.), and these symptoms often occur in an instant, even without giving you time for emergency treatment, like an untimely bomb, constantly threatening our life safety!
Hypertension is a chronic disease and a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. If not effectively controlled, it can cause complications such as myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure, and kidney disease, mainly manifested as increased blood pressure. When emotions are too excited or tired, dizziness, headache, fatigue, tinnitus, insomnia, and lack of concentration may occur. As the disease progresses, blood pressure will continue to rise, and various organs will also be affected. In severe cases, heart failure or uremia may occur. Such patients should take medication regularly according to the doctor's instructions, monitor their blood pressure regularly, do not stop medication randomly, do not change medication casually, persist in exercise, pay attention to cold prevention and warmth, rest, and ensure emotional stability and not get excited.
2、 Coronary heart disease
Coronary heart disease is a common heart disease, which is caused by insufficient blood supply due to coronary artery stenosis, leading to myocardial dysfunction or organic lesions. The high incidence of coronary heart disease in autumn and winter is mainly due to the stimulation of cold, which causes the sympathetic nerve to be too excited, increasing the oxygen consumption of the myocardium. At the same time, cold can also induce coronary artery spasm, resulting in frequent angina pectoris or acute myocardial infarction, The main symptoms are chest pain, shortness of breath, sweating, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, irritability, fainting, headache, sore throat, toothache, etc. Once the above symptoms occur, one should highly suspect the cause of the heart and take "Quick acting Heart Rescue Pills" or "Nitroglycerin" and other coronavirus expanding drugs. If the symptoms continue to not alleviate, one should immediately call the "120" emergency phone number and send them to a comprehensive hospital with a chest pain center for timely medical treatment. If there is an "acute myocardial infarction", surgery can be performed to save lives.
3、 Cerebral stroke
In autumn and winter, the incidence rate and mortality of stroke are very high. One side of the patient's limb may become paralyzed, and in severe cases, it may lead to headaches, dizziness, vomiting, hemianopia, and cognitive impairments. When a stroke occurs, timely medical attention should be sought for diagnosis and treatment, especially in the first few hours of the disease. Timely medical attention can provide effective treatment such as thrombolysis or thrombectomy, ensuring the input of nutrients and fluids through infusion, and reducing the swelling of brain tissue and increased intracranial pressure caused by acute stroke. This can reduce the progression of the disease and effectively improve sequelae.
In the autumn and winter seasons, it is important to prevent cold and keep warm, develop the good habit of going to bed and getting up early, drink plenty of water, eat a light diet, quit smoking and drinking alcohol, exercise appropriately, timely alleviate psychological pressure, control one's emotions, avoid excessive emotional tension, and maintain a healthy lifestyle, otherwise it will have adverse effects on the heart, brain, and blood vessels.